Day 19: Visits by Winston Churchill
“It is fun to be in the same decade with you.”
-Franklin Roosevelt to Winston Churchill, January 1942
The friendship between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill formed the core of the Anglo-American alliance during World War II.
On September 11, 1939—ten days after Germany invaded Poland— FDR wrote a confidential letter to Churchill, who had just entered the British cabinet as First Lord of the Admiralty. Roosevelt wanted to open a direct line of communication with him. He encouraged Churchill to “keep me in touch personally with anything you want me to know about.”
FDR’s note was the start of an extraordinary six-year correspondence between the two men that totaled almost 2000 messages.
Between 1941 and 1945, they would also spend 113 days together, beginning with an August 1941 meeting in the North Atlantic and ending at the Yalta Conference in February 1945. Churchill made visits to the United States in 1941, 1942, 1943 & 1944, including a trip to Washington, D.C. shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
“Relocating A People”
This brochure, c. 1942, provided general statistics about Japanese Americans from the 1940 census. The brochure encouraged US citizens to employ Japanese Americans as they were relocated during World War II.
The quote on the cover from Pres. Roosevelt says, “I am glad to observe that the War Department, the Navy Department, the War Manpower Commission, the Department of Justice, and the War Relocation Authority are collaborating in a program which will assure the opportunity for all loyal Americans, including Americans of Japanese ancestry, to serve their country at a time when the fullest and wisest use of our manpower is all-important to the war effort.”
Observing Asian-Pacific Heritage Month
To pay tribute to the many generations of Asian-Pacific Americans that have enriched our nation’s history, the National Archives at Riverside will be highlighting some of our holdings relating to Asian American history in our region (Southern California, Arizona, and Clark County, NV), including records relating to enforcement of the Chinese Exclusion Act, records relating to Japanese internment and relocation, and many more.
For more information about Asian-Pacific Heritage Month, see http://asianpacificheritage.gov/
This photo from the Truman Library is of a Christmas party at the Department of the Interior. Bureau of Reclamation Commissioner Michael Straus hand out glasses of punch to staff. December 23, 1947.
from the Truman Library
Do you partake of punch at holiday office parties?
1940s Women in the Military Rag Dolls
Millions of young Americans served in America’s military during World War II. With FDR’s support their ranks included 350,000 women, who served as nurses and in special service branches established throughout the military.
These four dolls, made in 1944 by Mrs. W.W. McGee of Fitzgerald, Florida, represent different branches of the U.S. military and commemorate the service of American women in the Army, Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps during the war. Mrs. McGee sent these dolls to President Roosevelt as a gift.
Celebrating V-J Day
The surrender of Japan during World War II was announced on August 14, 1945, effectively ending the war, although the official Instrument of Surrender would not be signed until September 2, 1945. Germany had surrendered 3 months earlier on May 7, 1945.
- “American servicemen and women gather in front of ’Rainbow Corner’ Red Cross club in Paris to celebrate the unconditional surrender of the Japanese.” August 15, 1945, McNulty, Photographer, (111-SC-210241)
- “Enlisted men aboard the U.S.S. Ticonderoga (CV-14) hear the news of Japan’s surrender.”, 08/14/1945
- New York City celebrating the surrender of Japan. They threw anything and kissed anybody in Times Square., 08/14/1945
- V-J Day in New York City. Crowds gather in Times Square to celebrate the surrender of Japan., 08/15/1945
- GI’s at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France, whoop it up after buying the special edition of the Paris Post, which carried the banner headline, “JAPS QUIT.”