"As a Republic dedicated to liberty and justice for all, this Nation cannot deny equal status to women."
On August 22, 1974, President Ford signed a proclamation designating August 26 as Women’s Equality Day. That date honored the incorporation of the Nineteenth Amendment, which guaranteed women the right to vote, into the Constitution on August 26, 1920.
In the proclamation President Ford noted his previous backing of the Equal Rights Amendment and his intention to continue supporting it. “Today I want to reaffirm my personal commitment to that amendment,” he stated. “The time for ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment has come just as surely as did the time for the 19th Amendment.”
Representatives Yvonne Brathwait Burke (D-Calif), Barbara Jordan (D-Tex), Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY), Marjorie S. Holt (R-Md), Leonor K. Sullivan (D-Mo), Cardiss Collins (D -Ill), Corinne C. Boggs (D-La), Margaret M. Heckler (R-Mass), Bella S. Abzug (D-NY), Shirley Chisholm (D-NY), Ella T. Grasso (D-Conn), Patricia Schroeder (D-Colo), and Patsy T. Mink (D-Hawaii) attended the signing ceremony held in the Cabinet Room. First Lady Betty Ford and Anne Armstrong, Counsellor to the President, were also present for the signing.
On July 15, 1971, Richard Nixon announced to the nation that he had accepted the PRC’s invitation for him visit China.
President Nixon’s trip to China in 1972 ended twenty-five years of isolation between the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). He viewed his trip as the first step in a long process of contact between the United States and the PRC. Further, he believed it would reduce tension between the United States, the PRC, and the Soviet Union.
The President’s trip to China required a tremendous amount of planning. Part of this effort involved matters of protocol and etiquette, such as the use of chopsticks.
Image: Transcript of Speech President Nixon Gave Announcing Upcoming Trip to China. 7/15/1971.
More on Ping Pong Diplomacy: Nixon’s Trip to China on the Presidential Timeline.
The Government’s environmentally related activities have grown up piecemeal over the years. The time has come to organize them rationally and systematically.
-President Richard Nixon
Special Message to Congress to Establish the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration
July 9, 1970
What did the President know and when did he know it? Find out for yourself by listening to the “smoking gun” conversation!
On June 23, 1972, President Richard Nixon met with Chief of Staff H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman, following the June 17 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate building. In this conversation segment, President Nixon and Haldeman discuss the progress of the FBI’s investigation. They especially focus on the tracing of the source of money found on the burglars. They propose having the CIA ask the FBI to halt their investigation of the Watergate break-in by claiming that the break-in was a national security operation.
On July 24, 1974, after a yearlong legal battle, the Supreme Court announced its 8-0 ruling that President Nixon must turn over the 64 tapes subpoenaed by the Special Prosecutor. On August 5, 1974, White House aides distributed to reporters transcripts of the June 23, 1972 audiotape, accompanied by President Nixon’s own two-page statement. In his comments, President Nixon wrote, “portions of the tapes of these June 23 conversations are at variance with certain of my previous statements.”
Conversation 714-002, Audiotape 744 (NARA Identifier #6852462), Oval Office Recordings, White House Tapes, Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, National Archives and Records Administration.
More Watergate-Related Conversations via the Nixon Presidential Library and Museum.
The Nixon White House Tapes Record the Soviet Summit
This week in 1973, Leonid Brezhnev visited Richard Nixon in the White House as part of a summit meeting between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The Oval Office conversation between Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and President Nixon is the only summit meeting ever recorded on an American Presidential taping system.
The recording of their meeting is part of the final installment of Nixon White House Tapes that were released. The tapes contain discussions of foreign policy issues including: implementation of the Vietnam peace settlement and the return of Prisoners of War (POWs); tensions over Most Favored Nation tariff status for the Soviet Union; and the historic 1972 “Soviet Summit” between the United States and the USSR.
Domestic conversations include presidential appointments and personnel management, energy policy, wage and price controls, campaign finance reform, Wounded Knee, and Watergate.
-from the Nixon Library
Photograph of President Gerald Ford Making Remarks upon Signing Emergency Appropriations Legislation for the National Swine Flu Immunization Program, 04/15/1976
Item from White House Photographic Office Collection (Ford Administration). (1974 - 1977)
Power of the Pen. This photograph depicts President Gerald Ford making remarks upon signing emergency appropriations legislation (House Joint Resolution 890, Public Law 94-266) for the National Swine Flu Immunization Program. Also present are, left to right: U.S. Representative Dan Flood (D-PA), Department of Health Education and Welfare (HEW) Secretary F. David Mathews and U.S. Representative Paul G. Rogers (D-FL).
The Shirley Peck Barnes Papers, 1967-2005, are now open for research.
This collection contains correspondence, newsletters, newspaper clippings, research materials, and artifacts relating to Shirley Peck Barnes’ involvement with Friends of Children of Vietnam and “Operation Babylift,” the evacuation of orphans from Saigon during the closing weeks of the Vietnam War. After the evacuation in 1975 Barnes remained active in Babylift adoptee matters and eventually wrote The War Cradle: The Untold Story of Operation Babylift.
For more information view the collection finding aid.
Image: Vietnamese refugee children on an Operation Babylift flight arrive at San Francisco International Airport on April 5, 1975 (White House Photograph A3854-04A)
Equal Credit Opportunity Act Amendments of 1976
President Ford signed the Equal Credit Opportunity Act Amendments of 1976 into law on March 23, 1976.
When it was originally enacted in 1974, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibited discrimination in credit transactions because of gender or marital status. These amendments broadened the scope to bar creditor discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or age.
“This Administration is committed to the goal of equal opportunity in all aspects of our society,” President Ford said in his signing statement. “In financial transactions, no person should be denied an equal opportunity to obtain credit for reasons unrelated to his or her creditworthiness.”
Memo from the White House Records Office: Legislation Case Files, 3/19/76 HR6516, Equal Credit Opportunity Act Amendments of 1976