Ike Signs the NASA Act - Today in History
On July 29, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Woot!
President Eisenhower Presents NASA Commissions to Dr. T. Keith Glennan as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. Courtesty of NASA.
Seventy years ago, as dawn broke on June 6, 1944, German soldiers defending the French coast at Normandy beheld an awe-inspiring sight—the largest amphibious invasion force in history massed in the waters of the English Channel. The long-awaited invasion of northwest Europe was underway.
June 5, 1944 — General Eisenhower gives the final order for D-Day
The complex invasion also relied on outside factors such as moonlight, tides, and weather. The Normandy forecast predicted a break in storms for June 6. General Eisenhower gave the order that put the vast operation in motion in the early hours of June 5, 1944.
Images: General Eisenhower speaks with paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division just before they board their planes to participate in the first assault of the Normandy invasion.
"Order of the Day" - statement as issued to the soldiers, sailors and airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force on June 6, 1944.
A British officer reads the Order of the Day.
The Paratroopers of D-Day
When we think about the Normandy Invasion, most of us remember the troops landing on the beaches under heavy enemy fire. Just as important were the contributions of Airborne troops who parachuted into France before amphibious landing began.
More about the Airborne Division and "Operation Neptune" from the Eisenhower Library.
The 70th Anniversary of D-Day is this Friday.
In December of 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Premier Joseph Stalin convened for the Teheran Conference. The Big Three committed to setting a date for an invasion of southern France, code-named OVERLORD.
Stalin had asked that a commander in chief be selected for the invasion. FDR chose General Dwight D. Eisenhower as Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.
The Big Three signed the Military Conclusions of the Teheran Conference. Shown here, it summarized the agreements made for OVERLORD, including the coordination of a “cover plan to mystify and mislead the enemy.”
Images: The Big Three at the Teheran Conference. November 29, 1943.
The Military Conclusions of the Teheran Conference.
The White House Stenographer’s Diary entry for June 6, 1944.
FDR and Dwight D. Eisenhower on airplane en route from North Africa to Sicily shortly after the Eisenhower was selected as Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force. December 8, 1943.
The Presidential Seal, 01/18/1989.
Item From Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. (1994-)
Today, when we gaze upon the Seal of the President of the United States, we are viewing the official seal as designated in 1960 by Dwight Eisenhower.
Queen Elizabeth’s Letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower , 01/24/1960
Item from Dwight D. Eisenhower Museum Manuscripts Collection. (04/01/1985)
Enclosed in this letter are Queen Elizabeth’s further instructions for her drop scone recipe. It is written on Buckingham Palace note paper and signed “Yours Sincerely, Elizabeth R.”
Preparing for D-Day: Exercise Tiger
Seventy years ago this week, Allied Forces attempted amphibious landing operations at Slapton Beach, England. “Exercise Tiger” was suppose to be a training exercise to prepare for Operation Overlord, but failed when the landing crafts were attacked by German patrol boats on the night of April 28, 1944.