Forty-two years ago, President Richard Nixon signed the Education Amendments of 1972, which has come to be known as Title IX. The amendment did not specifically mention sports, but it’s far-reaching impact is widely credited for opening up opportunities for women in athletics.
Images from: An Act of June 23, 1972, Public Law 92-318, 86 STAT 235, to Amend the Higher Education Act of 1965, the Vocational Educational Act of 1963, the General Education Provisions Act (Creating a National Foundation for Postsecondary Education and a National Institute of Education), the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Public Law 874, Eighty-First Congress, and Related Acts, and for Other Purposes, 6/23/1972.
June 23, 1972: Title IX is Signed into Law
On this day in 1972, President Richard Nixon signed Title IX of the Education Amendments into law. Title IX protects people from discrimination based on sex in all education programs or activities which receive federal funding. One of the most notable impacts of Title IX is the implementation of women sports in schools. As a result, there are more women participating in sports than ever before.
In 2002, Title IX was renamed the Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, after its co-author, Representative Patsy Mink of Hawaii.
Learn more about the impact of Title IX with MAKERS: Women Who Make America.
Photos: Senator Birch Bayh exercises with Title IX athletes at Purdue University, ca. 1972, the late Representative Patsy Mink of Hawaii, Title IX co-author, for whom the law was renamed in 2002.
President Truman received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Princeton University on On June 17, 1947.
He also delivered the commencement address: “Free and inquiring minds, with unlimited access to the sources of knowledge, can be the architects of a peaceful and prosperous world.”
-from the Truman Library
The President is answering your questions tomorrow, and it will be awesome. Tune in Tuesday at 4 p.m. ET on whitehouse.tumblr.com.
You know, if you’re hip to all these things.
We’ll be there!
(As the Archives maybe we’re not too hip ourselves, but we can tell you what was hip.)
President George W. Bush and Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings join Mike Geisen, the 2008 National Teacher of the Year, and his family as they celebrate the 7th grade teacher’s honors in the Rose Garden of the White House.
Thank you to all of the teachers out there on Teacher Appreciation Day!
-from the George W. Bush Library
Eleanor Roosevelt and the Todhunter School
In 1927, Eleanor and her friends Marion Dickerman and Nancy Cook purchased a small, private school for girls in New York City called Todhunter School. The school provided primary and secondary education, and it emphasized art, music, and drama, as well as a college preparatory curriculum. Todhunter combined traditional testing and grading standards with progressive teaching methods.
Eleanor was Associate Principal of Todhunter School and taught courses in American history, literature, and current events. She patterned her teaching techniques on Marie Souvestre, the Allenswood headmistress who had been so influential in her own life. Eleanor greatly enjoyed her work at Todhunter, telling a reporter in 1932 that “I like it better than anything I do.”
Letter from Damon Cleveland to President Reagan Urging the Creation of a Martin Luther King, Jr. Federal Holiday
Several students from the P.S. 241 school in Brooklyn, New York wrote letters to President Reagan shortly after his inauguration, urging him to make Dr. King’s birthday a national holiday.
On November 2, 1983, President Reagan signed the Act of Congress that created the Martin Luther King, Jr. Federal Holiday to occur on the third Monday in January.
"Please put this at the top of your list of things to do."
from the Presidential Timeline
This week in 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Higher Education Facilities Act
At the signing, LBJ said:
"A great former President of the Republic of my State said, ‘The educated mind is the guardian genius of democracy. It is the only dictator that free men recognize and the only ruler that free men desire.’ So this new law is the most significant education bill passed by the Congress in the history of the Republic."
Photo: President Johnson signing the Higher Education Facilities Act, 12/16/63.
-from the LBJ Library
The Little Rock School Integration Crisis
On September 2, the day before school was to start in Little Rock, Arkansas,Governor Orval Faubus ordered the state’s National Guard to surround Central High School to prevent entry of African-American students. The group, since known as the Little Rock Nine, did not attend the first day, but on September 4, the National Guardsmen barred their entry to Central High School.
Three weeks later, amid mob violence outside of the school, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the dispatch of federal troops to uphold the law. Read More.
Photo: National Guard Troops lined up along Park Street in front of Little Rock Central High School. Courtesy of the Central High Museum Historical Collections/UALR Archives and Special Collections. September 1957.
-from the Presidential Timeline