"Shacks, put up by the Bonus Army on the Anacostia flats, Washington, D.C., burning after the battle with the military. The Capitol in the background. 1932."
In the summer of 1932, in the midst of the Great Depression, World War I veterans seeking early payment of a bonus scheduled for 1945 assembled in Washington to pressure Congress and the White House. After the Senate rejected the bonus, most of the protesters went home, but a core of ten thousand members of the “Bonus Army” remained behind, many with their families. On the morning of July 28, violence erupted between the protesters and police, and President Hoover reluctantly sent in federal troops under Maj. Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Ignoring the President’s order for restraint, the flamboyant general drove the tattered protesters from the city and violently cleared their Anacostia campsite.
Today in 1931, the King and Queen Prajadhipok of Siam arrived at the White House for a state visit with President Herbert Hoover.
For the state dinner that was held in their honor, President and Mrs. Hoover started a new tradition that continues to this day - hosting a musical concert for a visiting head of state. Harpist Mildred Dilling played for the concert following the formal state dinner on April 29.
-from the Hoover Library
Construction of the Hoover Dam
Herbert Hoover drafted the agreement which allowed the dam on the Colorado River to move forward. Construction began during his Presidency in 1932.
Work began on the four tunnels that were needed to divert the river so that the dam could be built on dry land. These tunnels, 56 feet in diameter, were completed on November 14, 1932.
On June 6, 1933, after excavating the riverbed and clearing the canyon walls, the first concrete of the dam structure was poured.
Using cableways, concrete was transported in buckets over the canyon and poured into forms and cooled using a system of pipes. Concrete was also used to build intake towers, spillways, and penstocks.
The last concrete for the dam was poured on February 21, 1935. The completed dam, an amazing feat of engineering and logistics, was turned over to the federal government a little over a year later.
Photo of concrete being lowered to the Boulder Dam. December 5, 1934.
Herbert Hoover and the 1931 World Series
Even though game 6 isn’t until tomorrow, we can still talk baseball, right? The first game of the 1931 World Series (played in Philadelphia between the St. Louis Cardinals and the Philadelphia Athletics) was officially started by President Hoover, shown above throwing out the first ball.
-from the Hoover Library