In 1961, JFK established a Presidential Commission to examine and report on the status of American women. The Commission, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt published its report on American women in October 1963.
Pictured: JFK and Eleanor Roosevelt meet in the Oval Office.
-from the Kennedy Library
On this day, October 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was the first African American SCOTUS Justice.
He also did some pretty cool stuff before that:
Mr. Civil Rights
Thurgood Marshall convinced the Supreme Court that school segregation was unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education.
As legal counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Marshall represented civil rights plaintiffs all over the south and argued more than 30 such cases before the Supreme Court. He won all but five and earned the nickname, Mr. Civil Rights.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy named him to the U.S. Court of the Appeals for the Second District. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson appointed Marshall U.S. Solicitor General, the third highest post in the Department of Justice.
Two years later, on June 13, 1967, LBJ nominated Marshall to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court where he served for 24 years.
Thurgood Marshall’s nomination by LBJ made him the first African American Supreme Court Justice, but it also followed a long and distinguished career as a civil rights lawyer who successfully fought inequality and discrimination.
Pictured here are Marshall and LBJ outside of the White House. 7/9/65
-from the LBJ Library
Banned Books Week
Fahrenheit 451 author Ray Bradbury penned this telegram to President Kennedy urging him to take the Soviet Union’s actions related to nuclear weapons and Berlin before the UN. Since its publication, Fahrenheit 451 has been censored or banned by hundreds of school districts and parents nationwide.
-from the JFK Library
President Kennedy favored a few dresses worn by Mrs. Kennedy
President Kennedy’s favorites included this black silk velvet and Chinese yellow silk satin evening dress designed by Chez Ninon. Mrs. Kennedy wore it to a White House state dinner honoring President Manuel Prado of Peru on September 19, 1961.
-from the JFK Library
Curious about Presidential History? Ask a Curator!
Do you have questions about Presidential history and artifacts? Tomorrow, the Presidential Libraries of the National Archives will be answering questions live for #AskaCurator Day on Twitter.
Over 600 museums from 40 countries will be participating, including our very own experts on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Jimmy Carter. You can also ask curators at the National Archives Exhibits in Washington, D.C.
Museum Objects from the Presidential Libraries:
Rocking Chair used by John F. Kennedy in the Oval Office; RCA Radio Microphone used by FDR to deliver some of his Fireside Chats from the White House; HMS Resolute Desk replica at the JFK Library; Portrait by Octavio Ocampo presented to President Carter on the occasion of a state dinner honoring José López Portillo, President of Mexico, February 1979; 1957 Inaugural gown of Mamie Eisenhower; WWII POW Diary at the Truman Library;1952 Eisenhower campaign hat.
JFK Chooses the Moon
Today in history, President John F. Kennedy delivered a speech at Rice University on the nation’s space effort. In one of the most memorable passages JFK said:
"We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard…"
Images: Lunar sample made of mare basalt encased in a glass pyramid with rectangular base. This piece of moon rock was brought back to earth by Apollo 15 mission on August 7, 1971. The rock, called “breccia”, weighs 160 grams and is more than three billion years old. Courtesy of NASA Lunar Sample Display Program.
President John F. Kennedy Speaks at Rice University. 9/12/62.