The 1st Televised Kennedy-Nixon Debate
On September 26, 1960 Democratic candidate Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican candidate Vice President Richard Nixon participated in the first of four televised debates. Americans for the first time could tune in and watch presidential debates on television, or listen on the radio.
About 70 million people tuned in for the Kennedy/Nixon debates. When they turned on their television sets, they were actually able to see Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy. Nixon had refused makeup for the cameras, and hadn’t gained back his natural weight after a serious knee injury and two weeks in the hospital. Kennedy, on the other hand, had been campaigning in southern California and appeared on camera with a healthy tan.
The story has it that those Americans who tuned in over the radio believed the two candidates were evenly matched, but tended to think Nixon had won the debates. But those 70 million who watched the candidates on the television believed Kennedy was the clear victor.
While there aren’t any qualified statistics to back up this claim, what is certain is that Kennedy took a leap in the polls after the debate. Appearances, it seemed, suddenly mattered in Presidential races, far more than they ever had before. Kennedy himself said after the election that “it was TV more than anything else that turned the tide” toward his victory.
It’s curious to think who might have been elected if modern technology had been around throughout U.S. history. Washington wore dentures. Lincoln had a high-pitched voice. William Howard Taft weighed over 300 pounds. James Madison was 5′ 4″.
What pre-television President would you most like to see speak?
The 1952 Republican National Convention was held at the Chicago Amphitheater from July 7-11. It was the first political convention broadcast live by television with special studio facilities provided for all the major networks.
In addition to being the first live telecast, the GOP convention was the debut event for a new device still used by politicians today, the “TelePrompTer. “ Former president, Herbert Hoover, was the first person to use this device at the RNC on July 8, 1952.
-from the Hoover Library
How we got the news in the 60s- Representatives Gerald R. Ford, Senator Everett M. Dirksen, Ray Bliss and Thruston Morton watch election returns on multiple televisions. November 8, 1966.
In the words of an archivist at the Ford Library: “I would imagine that they are watching congressional election returns. 1966 was a year that the Republicans won back a bunch of seats, so maybe that is why they look so happy.”