Churchill, Truman, and Stalin at Potsdam - Today in 1945.
Photo: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (left), President Harry S. Truman (center), and Soviet leader Josef Stalin (right) at Cecilienhof Palace during the Potsdam Conference in Germany. Mr. Churchill has just given a dinner for Mr. Truman and Mr. Stalin. July 23, 1945.
Post WWII Negotiations — The Potsdam Conference
The Potsdam Conference was a meeting of the victorious leaders of the Allies in Europe. It was held in an unbombed suburb of Berlin from July 17 - August 2, 1945.
Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and President Truman began the conference for their respective countries. On the agenda was the partitioning of the postwar world and resolving the problems of the war in the Far East. This included:
- The division of Germany.
- The movement of populations from Czechoslovakia, Austria, and Italy.
- Issuing a proclamation demanding unconditional surrender from the Japanese government.
Day 49 - Eleanor in Great Britain
In October 1942, Eleanor traveled to Great Britain on a goodwill trip to help foster Anglo-American relations. While there she toured the country - meeting with American servicemen, British women defense workers, Prime Minister Churchill, members of Parliament and King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
Eleanor talked about the trip in her autobiography saying:
The next event of real importance to me was my husband’s decision that I should accept Queen Elizabeth’s invitation to go to Great Britain to see the work the women were doing in the war and to visit our servicemen stationed there. I did not know that one of the reasons my husband was eager to have me go over there was that those men would shortly be leaving for North Africa for the invasion…
The trip to Great Britain seemed to offer me a chance to do something that might be useful…I visited universities and innumerable factories, stayed on estates where the grounds were now being used for agricultural purposes and in country houses whose owners, now living in one small part of them, had turned them into nurseries for evacuated or wounded children. I saw the way the Women’s Voluntary Services had organized to perform innumerable duties, from moving into a town which had just been bombed and needed everything from food to laundry service, to looking after the billeting of workers who had been moved from one factory to another.
Day 46: FDR at Malta
On February 2, 1945, FDR arrived in Malta aboard the USS Quincy for a preliminary conference with Prime Minister Winston Churchill before the meeting in Yalta of Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin.
Day 19: Visits by Winston Churchill
“It is fun to be in the same decade with you.”
-Franklin Roosevelt to Winston Churchill, January 1942
The friendship between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill formed the core of the Anglo-American alliance during World War II.
On September 11, 1939—ten days after Germany invaded Poland— FDR wrote a confidential letter to Churchill, who had just entered the British cabinet as First Lord of the Admiralty. Roosevelt wanted to open a direct line of communication with him. He encouraged Churchill to “keep me in touch personally with anything you want me to know about.”
FDR’s note was the start of an extraordinary six-year correspondence between the two men that totaled almost 2000 messages.
Between 1941 and 1945, they would also spend 113 days together, beginning with an August 1941 meeting in the North Atlantic and ending at the Yalta Conference in February 1945. Churchill made visits to the United States in 1941, 1942, 1943 & 1944, including a trip to Washington, D.C. shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
The 70th Anniversary of D-Day is this Friday.
In December of 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Premier Joseph Stalin convened for the Teheran Conference. The Big Three committed to setting a date for an invasion of southern France, code-named OVERLORD.
Stalin had asked that a commander in chief be selected for the invasion. FDR chose General Dwight D. Eisenhower as Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.
The Big Three signed the Military Conclusions of the Teheran Conference. Shown here, it summarized the agreements made for OVERLORD, including the coordination of a “cover plan to mystify and mislead the enemy.”
Images: The Big Three at the Teheran Conference. November 29, 1943.
The Military Conclusions of the Teheran Conference.
The White House Stenographer’s Diary entry for June 6, 1944.
FDR and Dwight D. Eisenhower on airplane en route from North Africa to Sicily shortly after the Eisenhower was selected as Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force. December 8, 1943.
Today in History — Winston Churchill Delivers his “Iron Curtain” Speech
On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. President Harry S. Truman introduced the former British Prime Minister who then delivered one of the most memorable speeches of the twentieth century.
Reporters were given advance copies; however, deliberately omitted from those copies was the part of the address where Churchill used the term “iron curtain.”
Churchill warned that Joseph Stalin was intent on cutting off all of Eastern Europe from the West in order to establish communist domination through the region. Read More
-from the Truman Library
Today in history, January 14, 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt leaves for the Casablanca Conference with Winston Churchill and becomes the first President to leave the U.S. during wartime.
Photo: Franklin D. Roosevelt reviews the troops during his trip to Morocco for the Casablanca Conference. 1/21/43.
-from the FDR Library
Who wants a Christmas tree?
One of the things many people don’t know about FDR is that he considered himself to be a tree farmer and this included growing and selling Christmas trees from his property in Hyde Park. In 1943 he shipped a Christmas tree to Winston Churchill via the U.S. Army.
The “Big Three” in Teheran, November 30, 1943
From November 28 to December 1, 1943, the “Big Three”—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill—met at Teheran, Iran to discuss the progress of the war and plans for what would become the D-day invasion of June 6, 1944.
Frames excerpted from:
THE CAPTURE OF TARAWA FROM JAPAN! [ETC.], 1943