On July 2, 1961, Ernest Hemingway died at the age of 61. Though he and President Kennedy never met, President Kennedy more than once expressed his admiration for Hemingway and his work.
In a statement on Hemingway’s death, President Kennedy said, “Few Americans have had a greater impact on the emotions and attitudes of the American people than Ernest Hemingway…he almost single-handedly transformed the literature and the ways of thought of men and women in every country in the world.”
Did you know that 90% of Ernest Hemingway’s existing manuscript materials are in the archives of the Kennedy Library?
Today, The Kennedy Library announced the opening of fifteen letters written by Ernest Hemingway to his close friend Gianfranco Ivancich. Hemingway met Ivancich and his sister, Adriana, who became the author’s muse, while visiting Venice in 1949.
Learn more about the letters, which feature Hemingway’s life in Cuba and his travels around the world.
This portrait is of Ernest Hemingway at his Cuban home, the Finca Vigia in 1947.
"The meat was laid on a board in the backdoor shed, and every piece was sprinkled with salt. The hams and the shoulders were put to pickle in brine, for they would be smoked, like the venison, in the hollow log.
'You can't beat hickory-cured ham,' Pa said.”
-Laura Ingalls Wilder, “Little House in the Big Woods,” 1932
Born February 7, 1867 Laura Elizabeth Ingalls began her life in the Big Woods of Pepin County, Wisconsin. Her pioneering journeys began a few years later when her father started his search for a farm and home in the west. This journey continued for the next ten years as the Ingallses moved often, faced hard luck, hard work, and shared many adventures which Laura recounted in her “Little House” books.
The Hoover Library holds the papers of Rose Wilder Lane, the only child of Laura Ingalls and Almanzo Wilder. Lane was the first biographer of Herbert Hoover which led to a friendship with the 31st president that lasted more than 40 years.
Learn more about Half-Pint at the Hoover Library.
Happy birthday Laura Ingalls Wilder!
President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Farewell Address, famed for its reference to the “military-industrial complex,” is one of the most famous speeches in American history. President Eisenhower delivered the speech 51 years ago today, on January 17, 1961.
Dr. Malcolm “Mac” Moos was one of Ike’s speech writers. This letter to Moos from Special Assistant to the President Frederic Fox, provides a glimpse of the brainstorming process that went into the remarks months in advance. In it, Fox recommends George Washington’s Farewell Address as a relevant speech for Moos and the President to read for possible inspiration. Among the ideas, he cites Washington’s warning against “overgrown military establishments.”
Eisenhower’s Farewell Address has been analyzed and debated by historians ever since and the speech drafts, memos, and letters about it are among the most requested records at the Eisenhower Library. You can view many of the Farewell Address documents here.
-from the Eisenhower Library
Happy Birthday Hemingway! In 1968, with a simple exchange of letters, Mary Hemingway and Jacqueline Kennedy arranged for Ernest Hemingway’s papers to be donated to the Kennedy Library. Their husbands never met, but had Hemingway’s health been better they would have, at John F. Kennedy’s inauguration in 1961. Hemingway was among the American artists, writers, and musicians invited to attend the inauguration. A draft of the cable which Hemingway sent to President Kennedy from the Mayo Clinic shows Hemingway’s admiration for the President:
Watching the inauguration from Rochester there was happiness and the hope and the pride and how beautiful we thought Mrs. Kennedy was. Watching on the screen I was sure our President could stand any of the heat to come as he had taken the cold of that day. Each day since I have renewed my faith and tried to understand the practical difficulties of governing he must face as they arrive and admire the true courage he brings as our President in times as tough as they are for our country and the world.
July 21 - Ernest Hemingway 1923 Passport Photograph
Born Ernest Miller Hemingway in Oak Park, Illinois, on July 21, 1899, Ernest Hemingway is regarded as one of the 20th century’s most influential writers. Hemingway used this 1923 passport for his return to Europe, where he initially worked as a correspondent for the Toronto Star.
This photo is from the Hemingway collection at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, which contains 90 percent of existing Hemingway manuscripts as well as family scrapbooks, 10,000 photographs, and several thousand letters, making it the world’s principal center for research on Hemingway’s life and work.