It’s the Birthday of President Harry S. Truman
A brief timeline on what would have been Harry’s 130th birthday-
- 1884: Harry S. Truman is born in Lamar, Missouri on May 8. As a young man, he works briefly as a timekeeper for a railroad construction contractor, then as a clerk in two Kansas City banks.
- 1906: Harry begins working with his father to run the family farm. He continues working as a farmer for more than ten years.
- 1905-1911: Harry serves in the Missouri National Guard. When the United States enters World War I in 1917, he helps to organize the 2nd Regiment of Missouri Field Artillery, which is quickly called into Federal service as the 129th Field Artillery and sent to France.
- 1919-1922: Harry runs a men’s clothing store in Kansas City with his wartime friend, Eddie Jacobson. The store fails in the postwar recession. Harry narrowly avoids bankruptcy, and through determination and over many years he pays off his share of the store’s debts.
- 1922: Harry is elected to be one of three judges of the Jackson County Court.
- 1934: Harry is elected to the United States Senate.
- July, 1944: Harry is nominated to run for Vice President with President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- January 20, 1945: Harry takes the vice-presidential oath. After President Roosevelt’s unexpected death only eighty-two days later on April 12, 1945, Harry is sworn in as the nations’ 33rd President.
- May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders unconditionally one day before Harry’s 61st birthday.
- 1948: Harry wins reelection despite a widely expected defeat.
- 1953: Harry leaves the Presidency and retires to Independence, MO.
- 1972: Harry S. Truman dies on December 26, 1972.
Photo: President Truman on the celebration of his 61st birthday, the day after the unconditional surrender of Germany in World War II. May 8, 1945.
-from the Truman Library
Adopted on February 23, 1967, the 25th Amendment established procedures for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President and responding to Presidential disabilities. This amendment was first used in 1973 when President Richard Nixon nominated Congressman Gerald Ford as Vice President following Spiro Agnew’s resignation.
The next year Ford became President after Nixon resigned. Under the 25th Amendment he nominated Nelson Rockefeller to fill the Vice Presidential vacancy, announcing his decision in the Oval Office on August 20, 1974, seen here.
-from the Ford Library
November 20, 1959 — Presidential Time Management
On November 20, 1959, President Eisenhower was in Augusta, Georgia, and his day lasted from 8:20 a.m. to 3:52 p.m. Among other activities, he did some office work and played 18 holes of golf with Charles Yates, Clifford Roberts and William Robinson. Robinson was president and chairman of the board of Coca-Cola, Inc. as well as a personal friend of President Eisenhower.